Further Reading

Welcome to our further reading list. Here you will find a variety of resources aimed at establishing a solid factual and theoretical basis in the subjects that Bethel at War covers. While some of the books listed here are geared toward specialists or historians in the field, many are written for a general audience and some are intended for student use.

The materials here are divided into major sections corresponding to the organization of the project website — World Wars One and Two, the Vietnam War, and the War on Terror, each divided from its neighbors by an interlude essay. A project-wide general reading section prefaces the reading lists and provides foundational works which survey the broad themes which unite Bethel at War. Several of the wars also feature a general reading section — providing background reading on the wars themselves — located directly under the main section title. For each war, subsections corresponding to the individual essays have their respective sources following. However, not every essay will have additional readings listed. Essay titles are linked to their full webpages for easy reference; clicking the “Further Reading” link at the bottom of each individual essay will return the reader to this page.

General Reading

  • Abrams, Ray H. Preachers Present Arms: The Role of the American Churches and Clergy in World Wars I and II, with some Observations on the War in Vietnam. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1969.
  • Bellesiles, Michael A. A People’s History of the U.S. Military: Ordinary Soldiers Reflect on Their Experience of War, from the American Revolution to Afghanistan. New York: The New Press, 2012.
  • Blair, Elizabeth E., Rebecca B. Miller, and Mara Casey Tieken. Education and War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educational Review, 2009.
  • Carpenter, Joel A., and Kenneth W. Shipps. Making Higher Education Christian: The History and Mission of Evangelical Colleges in America. St. Paul, MN: Christian University Press, 1987.
  • Carlson, G. William and Diana Magnuson. Persevere, Läsare, Clarion: Celebrating Bethel’s 125th Anniversary. St. Paul: Bethel College and Seminary, 1997.
  • _____. “Bethel College and Seminary on the Move.” In Five Decades of Growth and Change: The Baptist General Conference and Bethel University, 1952-2002, eds. James and Carole Spickelmier, pp. 29-62. St. Paul: The History Center, 2010.
  • Heath, Gordon L. and Michael A. G. Haykin, eds. Baptists and War: Essays on Baptists and Military Conflict, 1640s-1990s. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2015.
  • Jarchow, Merrill E. Private Liberal Arts Colleges in Minnesota: Their History and Contributions. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1973.
  • Magnuson, Norris A. Missionskolan: The History of an Immigrant Theological School; Bethel Theological Seminary 1871-1981St. Paul: Bethel Theological Seminary, 1982.
  • Olson, Adolf. A Centenary History, as Related to the Baptist General Conference of America. Chicago: Baptist Conference Press, 1952.
  • Patterson, James A. Shining Lights: A History of the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2001.
  • Ringenberg, William C. The Christian College: A History of Protestant Higher Education in America. Grand Rapids: Christian University Press, 1984.

World War I

Bethel at War, 1914–1918 (General Reading)

  • Audoin-Rouzeau, Stéphane and Annette Becker. 14-18: Understanding the Great War. Translated by Catherine Temerson. New York: Hill and Wang, 2002.
  • Ferguson, Niall. The Pity of War. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1999.
  • Gruber, Carol S. Mars and Minerva: World War I and the Uses of the Higher Learning in America. Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 1975.
  • Jenkins, Philip. The Great and Holy War: How World War I Became a Religious Crusade. New York: HarperOne, 2014.
  • Keegan, John. The First World War. New York: A. Knopf, 1999.
  • Kennedy, David. Over Here: The First World War and American Society. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • MacMillan, Margaret. The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914. New York: Random House, 2014.
  • Meigs, Mark. Optimism at Armageddon: Voices of American Participants in the First World War. New York: New York University Press, 1997.
  • Piper, John F., Jr. The American Churches in World War I. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1985.
  • Thwing, Charles Franklin. The American Colleges and Universities in the Great War, 1914-1919. New York: Macmillan, 1920.
  • Tuchman, Barbara W. The Guns of August. New York: Macmillan, 1962.
  • Willis, Rudy. Total War and Twentieth-Century Higher Learning: Universities of the Western World in the First and Second World Wars. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1991.
  • Zieger, Robert H. America’s Great War: World War I and the American Experience. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

“Are You Loyal?” An Immigrant School Faces “100 Percent Americanism”

  • Barton, H. Arnold. A Folk Divided: Homeland Swedes and Swedish Americans, 1840-1940. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994.
  • Chrislock, Carl H. Watchdog of Loyalty: The Minnesota Commission of Public Safety During World War I. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1991.
  • Hartmann, Edward George. The Movement to Americanize the Immigrant. New York: AMS Press, 1967.
  • Jenson, Carol. “Loyalty as a Political Weapon: The 1918 Campaign in Minnesota.” Minnesota History 43 (Summer 1972): pp. 42-57.
  • Lindbergh, Charles A., Sr. Why is Your Country at War, and What Happens to You after the War, and Related SubjectsWashington: n.p., 1917.
  • Rippley, La Vern J. “Conflict in the Classrooms: Anti-Germanism in Minnesota Schools, 1917-1919.” Minnesota History 47 (Spring 1981): pp. 170-83.
  • Skårdal, Dorothy Burton. The Divided Heart: Scandinavian Immigrant Experience through Literary Sources. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1974.
  • Stephenson, George M. “The Attitude of Swedish Americans Toward the World War.” Proceedings of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association 10 (1918-1919): pp. 79-94.

The “Moral Welfare” of Soldiers

  • Bristow, Nancy K. Making Men Moral: Social Engineering during the Great War. New York: New York University Press, 1996.
  • Duncan, Robert. Pubs and Patriots: The Drink Crisis in Britain during World War I. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2013.
  • Kobler, John. Ardent Spirits: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: Da Capo, 1973.
  • Okrent, Daniel. Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: Scribner, 2010.

Suffering Loss, Making Meaning

  • Barry, John M. The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History. New York: Penguin, 2004.
  • Crosby, Alfred W. America’s Forgotten Pandemic: The Influenza of 1918. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
  • Winter, Jay. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning: The Great War in European Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

The Interwar Era

Pacifism and Isolationism

  • Chatfield, Charles. For Peace and Justice: Pacifism in America, 1914-1941. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1971.
  • Ferda, Taylor. “For God and Country: Baptist General Conference Attitudes toward World War II.” Thesis (B.A.) – Bethel University, 2010.
  • Hershberger, Guy Franklin. The Mennonite Church in the Second World War. Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, 1951.
  • Keim, Albert N. “Service or Resistance? The Mennonite Response to Conscription in World War II.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 52 (Spring 1978): pp. 141-55.
  • Kniss, Lloy. I Couldn’t Fight and Other CO Stories, 1917-1960. Ephrata, PA: Eastern Mennonite Publications, 2002.
  • Olson, Lynne. Those Angry Days: Roosevelt, Lindbergh, and America’s Fight Over World War II, 1939-1941. New York: Random House, 2013.
  • Preston, Andrew. Sword of the Spirit, Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and Diplomacy. New York: Anchor Books, 2012.
  • Sibley, Mulford Q. and Philip E. Jacob. Conscription of Conscience: The American State and the Conscientious Objector, 1940-1947. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1952.
  • Wink, Walter, ed. Peace is the Way: Writings on Nonviolence from the Fellowship of Reconciliation. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2000.

World War II

Bethel at War, 1939–1945 (General Reading)

  • Atkinson, Rick. An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942-1943. New York: Henry Holt, 2002.
  • ________. The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944. New York: Henry Holt, 2007.
  • ________. The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945. New York: Henry Holt, 2013.
  • Blum, John Morton. V Was for Victory: Politics and American Culture During World War II. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1976.
  • Cardozier, V.R. Colleges and Universities in World War II. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993.
  • Dorn, Charles. American Education, Democracy, and the Second World War. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
  • Giordano, Gerard. Wartime Schools: How World War II Changed American Education. New York: Peter Lang, 2004.
  • O’Neill, William L. A Democracy at War: America’s Fight at Home and Abroad in World War II. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.
  • Polenberg, Richard. “The Good War? A Reappraisal of How World War II Affected American Society.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 100 (July 1992): pp. 295-322.
  • Saylor, Thomas. Remembering the Good War: Minnesota’s Greatest Generation. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2005.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard L. A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

A Cautious Patriotism?

  • Gruhzit-Hoyt, Olga. They Also Served: American Women in World War II. New York: Card Publishing, 1995.
  • Litoff, Judy Barrett and David C. Smith, eds. We’re in This War, Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Okihiro, Gary Y. “Religion and Resistance in America’s Concentration Camps.” Phylon45 (Summer 1984): 220-33.
  • Reeves, Richard. Infamy: The Shocking Story of Japanese American Internment in World War II. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2015.
  • Robinson, Greg. A Tragedy of Democracy: Japanese Confinement in North America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.
  • Sittser, Gerald L. A Cautious Patriotism: The American Churches and the Second World War. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

The War as a “Missions Field”

  • Barnhardt, Joy A. and Luther E. Barnhardt III. “The Baptist General Conference Foreign Missionary Advance: An Investigation into the Causes of its Emergence.” American Baptist Quarterly 6 (Sept. 1987): pp. 172-200.
  • Carpenter, Joel A. and Wilbert R. Shenk, eds. Earthen Vessels: American Evangelicals and Foreign Missions, 1880-1980. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1990.
  • Dower, John W. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999.
  • Sandin, Robert T. “The Foreign Mission Advance.” In Fifteen Eventful Years: A Survey of the Baptist General Conference, 1945-1960, eds. David Guston and Martin Erikson, pp. 67-130. Chicago: Harvest, 1961.
  • Wilson, Jesse R. Through Shining Archway. New York: American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, 1945.

“Spiritual Pillars”: Celebration and Criticism of WWII Chaplains

  • Bergen, Doris L. ed. The Sword of the Lord: Military Chaplains from the First to the Twenty-first Century. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004.
  • Crosby, Donald F. Battlefield Chaplains: Catholic Priests in World War II. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1994.
  • Dorsett, Lyle W. Serving God and Country: U.S. Military Chaplains in World War II. New York: Berkley Caliber, 2012.
  • Gushwa, Robert L. The Best and Worst of Times: The U.S. Army Chaplaincy, 1920-1945. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1977.
  • Hutcheson, Richard G., Jr. The Churches and the Chaplaincy. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1975.
  • Loveland, Anne C. Evangelicals and the U.S. Military, 1942-1993. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.
  • Wiley, Ronald and Robert McNeil. “A History of the Baptist General Conference Chaplaincy Program.” Master’s thesis, Bethel Theological Seminary, 1968.

Bethel and the G.I. Bill

  • Altschuler, Glenn C. and Stuart M. Blumin. The G.I. Bill: A New Deal for Veterans. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Anderson, V. Elving. “C. Emanuel Carlson as Historian and Educator: Personal Reflections.” The Baptist Pietist Clarion 4 (July 2005): pp. 3, 8-9.
  • Mettler, Suzanne. Soldiers to Citizens: The G.I. Bill and the Making of the Greatest Generation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
  • Oman, Florence. “The Growing Educational Task.” In Fifteen Eventful Years: A Survey of the Baptist General Conference, 1945-1960, eds. David Guston and Martin Erikson, pp. 131-54. Chicago: Harvest, 1961.

The Early Cold War

The Baptist General Conference and Bethel Encounter Communism

  • Applebaum, Anne. Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe, 1944-1956. New York: Doubleday, 2012.
  • Craig, Campbell, and Fredrik Logevall. America’s Cold War: The Politics of Insecurity. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009.
  • Gaddis, John Lewis. The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941-1947. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
  • Henriksen, Margot A. Dr. Strangelove’s America Society and Culture in the Atomic Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
  • Inboden, William. Religion and American Foreign Policy, 1945-1960: The Soul of Containment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  • Miner, Steven Merritt. Stalin’s Holy War: Religion, Nationalism, and Alliance Politics, 1941-1945. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Miscamble, Wilson D. From Roosevelt to Truman: Potsdam, Hiroshima, and the Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Muehlenbeck, Philip E. Religion and the Cold War: A Global Perspective. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2012.
  • Reynolds, David. From World War to Cold War: Churchill, Roosevelt, and the International History of the 1940s. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Schrecker, Ellen. Many Are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1998.
  • Zubok, V. M. A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

The Vietnam War

Bethel at War, 1964–1975 (General Reading)

  • Anderson, David L. The Vietnam War. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • Appy, Christian G. Patriots: The Vietnam War Remembered from All Sides. New York: Viking, 2003.
  • Chalmers, David Mark. And the Crooked Places Made Straight: The Struggle for Social Change in the 1960s. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
  • Lawrence, Mark Atwood. The Vietnam War: A Concise International History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • ________ and Fredrik Logevall. The First Vietnam War: Colonial Conflict and Cold War Crisis. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2007.
  • Magnuson, Norris A. “A Decade of Progress in a Century of Advance.” In The 1960s in the Ministry of the Baptist General Conference, ed. Donald E. Anderson, pp. 111-31. Evanston, IL: Harvest Publications, 1971.
  • Olsen, Olaf S. “Higher Education in the Seventies.” In The 1970s in the Ministry of the Baptist General Conference, ed. Donald E. Anderson, pp. 97-130. Arlington Heights, IL: Baptist General Conference, 1981.
  • Schäfer, Axel R. American Evangelicals and the 1960s. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2013.
  • Tønnesson, Stein. Vietnam 1946: How the War Began. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

A School Divided: Protest, Support, and Alienation at Bethel College

  • Andrew, John A. The Other Side of the Sixties: Young Americans for Freedom and the Rise of Conservative Politics. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1997.
  • Gilbert, Marc Jason. The Vietnam War on Campus: Other Voices, More Distant Drums. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2001.
  • Heineman, Kenneth J. Put Your Bodies Upon the Wheels: Student Revolt in the 1960s. Chicago: I.R. Dee, 2001.
  • Kisseloff, Jeff. Generation on Fire Voices of Protest from the 1960s: An Oral History. Lexington, Ky: University Press of Kentucky, 2007.
  • Kutschke, Beate, and Barley Norton. Music and Protest in 1968. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
  • Lehmberg, Stanford E., and Ann M. Pflaum. The University of Minnesota, 1945-2000. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
  • Lewis, Penny. Hardhats, Hippies, and Hawks: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement As Myth and Memory. Ithaca: ILR Press, 2013
  • Lieberman, Robbie. Prairie Power: Voices of 1960s Midwestern Student Protest. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004.
  • Smaby, Alpha. Political Upheaval: Minnesota and the Vietnam War Protest. Minneapolis, MN: Dillon Press, 1987.
  • Swartz, David R. Moral Minority: The Evangelical Left in an Age of Conservatism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.
  • Thompson, Heather Ann. Speaking Out: Activism and Protest in the 1960s and 1970s. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2010.
  • Wells, Tom. The War Within: America’s Battle Over Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Clashing Visions of a Perfected World: The Intellectual Foundations of Debate at Bethel College

  • Levy, David W. The Debate Over Vietnam. Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
  • Pratt, Andrew LeRoy. Religious Faith and Civil Religion: Evangelical Responses to the Vietnam War, 1964-1973. Thesis (Ph. D.) – Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1988.
  • Isserman, Maurice, and Michael Kazin. America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

The Draft and Conscientious Objection at Bethel College

  • Flynn, George Q. The Draft, 1940-1973. Lawrence, Kan: University Press of Kansas, 1993.
  • Foley, Michael S. Confronting the War Machine: Draft Resistance During the Vietnam War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Hagan, John. Northern Passage: American Vietnam War Resisters in Canada. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
  • Nerland, Trond. “Freedom of Conscience, Just War Reasoning, and Public Dissent: How Protestant Denominations, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Jewish Polity in the United States Approved of Selective Conscientious Objection During the Vietnam War.” Thesis (Ph. D.) — University of Oslo, 2012.

“Anarchy Loosed Upon the World”: Contesting ‘Youth’ in a Decade of Upheaval

  • Barth, Frank, and Marge Barth. A Place Called Gustavus: Selected Anecdotal Memoirs. Minneapolis, Minn: Primarius Ltd. Promotions, 2006.
  • Hall, Mitchell K. The Emergence of Rock and Roll: Music and the Rise of American Youth Culture. New York: Routledge Press, 2014.
  • Luhr, Eileen. “A Revolutionary Mission: Young Evangelicals and the Language of the Sixties.” In American Evangelicals and the 1960s, edited by Axel R. Schäfer. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2013.
  • Savage, Jon. Teenage: The Creation of Youth Culture. New York: Viking, 2007.
  • Shires, Preston D. “Hippies of the Religious Right: The Counterculture and American Evangelicalism in the 1960s and 1970s.” Thesis (Ph. D.) — University of Nebraska—Lincoln, 2002.
  • Suri, Jeremi. Power and Protest: Global Revolution and the Rise of Detente. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2003.

The Politics of War: Presidential Elections at Bethel College, 1964–1972

  • Faber, Harold. The Road to the White House; The Story of the 1964 Election. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965.
  • Gould, Lewis L. 1968: The Election That Changed America. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1993.
  • Ladd, Everett Carll, and Seymour Martin Lipset. Academics, Politics, and the 1972 Election. Washington: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1973.
  • LaFeber, Walter. The Deadly Bet: LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1968 Election. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.
  • Perlstein, Rick. Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America. New York: Scribner, 2008.
  • White, Theodore H. The Making of the President, 1972. New York: Atheneum Publishers, 1973.

The Departure of Jon Fagerson

  • Schreiber, E.M., “Opposition to the Vietnam War Among American University Students and Faculty,” The British Journal of Sociology 23 (1973): pp. 288-302.

Quiescence on Campus?: The Limits of Anti-War Protest at the Christian College

  • Barth, Frank, and Marge Barth. A Place Called Gustavus: Selected Anecdotal Memoirs. Minneapolis, Minn: Primarius Ltd. Promotions, 2006.
  • Gilbert, Marc Jason. The Vietnam War on Campus: Other Voices, More Distant Drums. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2001.

New Frontiers: The Vietnam War and Curriculum Reform at Bethel College

  • Bender, Thomas and Wilson Smith (eds). American Higher Education Transformed, 1940–2005: Documenting the National Discourse. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
  • Hawkins, Hugh. “Curricular Reform in Historical Perspective,” Perspectives: American Historical Association Newsletter 24 (1986): pp. 21–23.
  • Rudolph, Frederick. Curriculum: A History of the American Undergraduate Course of Study Since 1636. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1977.

Vietnam Conclusion

  • Preston, Andrew. “Tempered by the Fires of War: Vietnam and the Transformation of the Evangelical Worldview.” In American Evangelicals and the 1960s, edited by Axel R. Schäfer. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2013.

After the Cold War

The Narrowing of Possibility: Bethel College, the Rise of the Religious Right, and the New Millennium

  • Green, John Clifford, Mark J. Rozell, and Clyde Wilcox. The Christian Right in American Politics: Marching to the Millennium. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2003.
  • Dochuk, Darren. From Bible Belt to Sunbelt: Plain-Folk Religion, Grassroots Politics, and the Rise of Evangelical Conservatism. New York: W.W. Norton, 2011.
  • Gasaway, Brantley W. Progressive Evangelicals and the Pursuit of Justice. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2014.
  • Swartz, David R. Moral Minority: The Evangelical Left in an Age of Conservatism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.
  • Williams, Daniel K. God’s Own Party: The Making of the Christian Right. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • Winters, Michael Sean. God’s Right Hand: How Jerry Falwell Made God a Republican and Baptized the American Right. New York: HarperOne, 2012.
  • Worthen, Molly. Apostles of Reason: The Crisis of Authority in American Evangelicalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

The War on Terror

Introduction (General Reading)

  • Bergen, Peter L. The Longest War: The Enduring Conflict between America and Al-Qaeda. New York: Free Press, 2011.
  • Castagnera, James. Al-Qaeda Goes to College: Impact of the War on Terror on American Higher Education. Westport, Conn: Praeger Publishers, 2009.
  • Clarke, Richard A. Against All Enemies: Inside America’s War on Terror. New York: Free Press, 2004.
  • Council on Foreign Relations. The War on Terror. New York: Foreign Affairs/Council on Foreign Relations, 2003.
  • Wright, Lawrence. The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York: Knopf, 2006.

Shock, Anger, and Prayer: Bethel Responds to September 11th

  • DiMarco, Damon. Tower Stories An Oral History of 9/11. Santa Monica, Calif: Santa Monica Press, 2007.
  • Dudziak, Mary L. September 11 in History: A Watershed Moment? Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.

Debating the War(s)

  • Horvit, Beverly. “International News Agencies And The War Debate Of 2003”. International Communication Gazette 68 (2006): pp. 427-447.
  • Sifry, Micah L., and Christopher Cerf. The Iraq War Reader: History, Documents, Opinions. New York: Touchstone, 2003.

Voices from Afar: Bethel Veterans Speak

An Expanding Curriculum for a New Millennium

  • Knezo, Genevieve Johanna. Counter Terrorism: Impacts on Research, Development, and Higher Education. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Novinka Books, 2002.

A Fraught Narrative: Complicating the “War on Terror”

  • Dudziak, Mary L. September 11 in History: A Watershed Moment? Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.
  • Jackson, Richard. Writing the War on Terrorism: Language, Politics and Counter-Terrorism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2005.
  • Miller, Chris. ‘War on Terror’: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2006. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2009.

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